After the success of the North Africa campaign, Allied forces invaded Italy in 1943. Beginning with the invasion of Sicily in July, the Italian Campaign continued until the German surrender in May 1945.
The campaign was characterised by fierce battles between predominantly American, British and Canadian forces, and their German and Italian enemies. Key battles included Sicily, Monte Cassino and Anzio. More than a million men were killed during the campaign, along with over 150,000 Italian civilians. The Allied victories in Italy lead to the overthrow of Fascist ruler Benito Mussolini, who was executed on April 28, 1945.
Today the key sites from the campaign are located on the island of Sicily (which requires up to a week for a comprehensive tour) and the battlefields at Anzio and Monte Cassino, both within easy reach of Rome. There are several large cemeteries in Italy which contain Allied, German and Italian dead from the campaign.
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